IGARSS 2019 - 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium

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Advancement in Bedfast Lake ICE Mapping From Sentinel-1 Sar Data
Claude R. Duguay | Junqian Wang

Algorithms for the generation of a bedfast/floating lake ice product from Sentinel-1A/B synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data were implemented, cross-compared, and validated for various permafrost regions (Alaska, Canada and Russia). The algorithms consisted of: 1) thresholding; 2) Iteration Region Growing with Semantics (IRGS); and 3) K-means. The thresholding algorithm (92.4%) was found to perform slightly better on average than the IRGS algorithm (90.1%), and to outperform K-means (85.3%). The thresholding algorithm was therefore selected for implementation of a processing chain to generate a novel bedfast/floating lake ice product. Using a time series of Sentinel-1 SAR data, the new map product shows the day of year (DOY) when the ice becomes bedfast or remains afloat for individual lake sections.

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Operating Procedures and Calibration of a Hyperspectral Sensor Onboard a Remotely Piloted Aircraft System For Water and Agriculture Monitoring
Kevin Kyung-Kuk Kang | Marie Hoekstra | M. Foroutan | Amir M. Chegoonian | Kiana Zolfaghari | Claude R. Duguay

This work describes a pilot study in southern Ontario, Canada evaluating the use of the ‘Headwall Nano-Hyperspec’ hyperspectral imager onboard a Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS). Hyperspectral imagers are extremely useful for monitoring vegetation health and water quality, among other environmental parameters. However, guidelines on the use of this specific instrument for these applications are not yet available. As such, recommended operational settings and calibration procedures are presented here, based on nearly 50 flight campaigns over water bodies and vineyards. Using these procedures, spectral reflectance was successfully captured using an RPAS.

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Canadian Water Microsatellite Mission - Concept Design
Kiana Zolfaghari | Marie Hoekstra | Claude R. Duguay | David Rudolph | Ian D’Souza

Canada has vast water resources that span an enormous range in geography, climate, and ecosystems [1]. Water supply and water quality are the two critical issues relevant to water resources, not only in Canada but globally in a warming climate. The water microsatellite mission described here aims to better prepare end users to respond to the emerging spectrum of water futures issues by revolutionizing remote sensing of water quality and quantity parameters, and permitting unprecedented interconnection and data gathering from Canadian environmental monitoring networks.